Data Records 2020
One
Two
Three
Four
Five
Six
OTher Number

Health Tips

HOW WALK MAKES HEALTHY AND FIT

Walking makes us healthy. It maintains and improve our health. Walking can be done any time in a day and it requires less or no equipment. A study conducted in 2007 about inactive women depicts that even 75 minutes walk per week makes the person fit as compared to non exercising groups. Walking is a great form of physical activity …

Read More »

EXECUTION AND EVALUATION OF WASTE ANALYSIS

EXECUTION OF WASTE ANALYSIS Execution of waste analysis is the third step in waste characterization. 1. COLLECTION OF SAMPLES The Collection team should collect the waste either by emptying the waste containers or by exchanging them with empty ones on regular intervals without informing the property holder who produce this waste to avoid his influence in changing the composition of waste. Each sample …

Read More »

SOLID WASTE ANALYSIS DESIGN AND PLANNING

The second step in waste characterization is analysis design and planning.  1. TYPE OF SAMPLING A sample is a subset of a population that represents the results of whole population. It is necessary to take the sample of waste because it is no possible to analyze the whole population. Stratified random samples must be used as much as possible. Relevant sources of waste …

Read More »

SOLID WASTE ANALYSIS

WASTE CHARACTERIZATION The first step in waste characterization is pre-investigation. 1. PRE-INVESTIGATION 1.1 BACKGROUND  INFORMATION  General Description of the Area under Investigation The area, its location and surface area should be identified. The information includes identification of Geo political areas and all the waste management data available. General Population Information  Population information includes: number of inhabitants number of households income …

Read More »

GIS INTRODUCTION AND ITS FUNCTIONAL SUBSYSTEMS

INTRODUCTION GIS (Geographic Information System) is a computer based tool used to store and operate geographic information. It deals with mapping and analyzing things happening on earth. GIS is known for explaining events, predicting results an planning strategies and that is why it is found different from other information systems and valuable to public and private enterprises. GIS aim is management, …

Read More »

CONCEPT OF GOVERNANCE AND GOOD GOVERNANCE IN ENVIRONMENT

GOVERNANCE “Governance means a process of decision making and a process of implementation of these decisions.” Governance can be termed in different concepts such as International governance, Local governance, National governance and corporate governance. Both Formal and Informal actors are involved in decision making and in the process by which decisions are implemented. Formal and Informal structures are also set …

Read More »

EX- SITU CONSERVATION STRATEGIES

Broadly the conservation strategies are divide into two types . They are: On Site Preservation Off Site or Ex Situ preservation On Situ Preservation The best strategy to conserve species is to preserve them in wild in their natural communities. This is known as π or On site preservation. Natural communities are evolutionary adapted to the changing environment. In the wild species genetic variability is not lost …

Read More »

ESTABLISHMENT OF NEW PLANT POPULATIONS

Methods to establish new plant populations are different from establishing vertebrate or animal populations. Animals can move from one place to another in search of food or moisture conditions. In plants the seeds are dispersed to the other sites through wind, water and animals or by conservation biologists activity. When a seed is planted on a site it is unable …

Read More »

THE EARTH SUMMIT AND AGENDA 21

INTRODUCTION The United Nations Conference on Human and Environment was a large event in Rio de Jenario Brazil in 1992 that bring together the Heads of State, Chief of Governments, Senior Diplomats, Government Officials, delegates from UN agencies, NGOs, Journalists and officials of International Organization. The issues such as global climate change, biological diversity, deforestation, and desertification were concluded at Earth Summit.  …

Read More »

PAKISTAN ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY, ACT (PEPA)

REVIEW OF IEE AND EIA REGULATIONS To implement the powers by section 33 of PEPA Act, 1997 the PEPA has develop some rules: Before describing the rules let’s briefly describe the EIA and IEE. Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) is defined as it is a process for evaluating the environmental impacts of any project or development. These impacts included socio economic, cultural and health …

Read More »