Data Records 2020
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WHAT IS CLEANER PRODUCTION?

INTRODUCTION Different approaches are used to deal with environmental degradation problems since over long time industrialization was started in different nations. The approaches such as to avoid the problem; to dilute the pollutants so that to reduce the impacts of pollutants; treat the pollution after it happens (end of pipe solution); prevent the pollution at source by cleaner production techniques were used. It …

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ENVIRONMENTAL ETHICS

Environmental Ethics assume that moral norms govern the human behavior towards natural world. Many ethics regarding the environment were presented by environmentalists. These are as follows: UNIVERSALISTS  Plato and Kant presented this ethic. The concept describes that fundamental ethics are universal and  unchanging.  The rules of right and wrong are valid without concerning the interests, desires and attitude. God has created these rules …

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EVOLUTION OF ENVIRONMENTAL THINKING AND CURRENT ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES

EVOLUTION OF ENVIRONMENTAL THINKING The impacts caused by human activities to environment were recognized globally known as environmental impacts. 1940s In 1948 IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources) was made.  It acted as Inter governmental body. IUCN in current time has several civil socirty organizations as its members. 1950s DDT (Dichloro diphenyl trichloroethane) was detected in the flesh …

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PAKISTAN ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY, ACT (PEPA)

REVIEW OF IEE AND EIA REGULATIONS To implement the powers by section 33 of PEPA Act, 1997 the PEPA has develop some rules: Before describing the rules let’s briefly describe the EIA and IEE. Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) is defined as it is a process for evaluating the environmental impacts of any project or development. These impacts included socio economic, cultural and health …

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NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL ACTION PLAN

HISTORY OR BACKGROUND ENVIRONMENTAL ACTS First time the trial to introduce the Environmental Legislation in Pakistan was done in 1977. From 1977 to onward many environmental policies, regulations and institutions were built at federal and provincial level. These include: Ministry of Environment Environmental Protection Agencies Pakistan Environmental Protection Act, 1997 Pakistan Environmental Protection Ordinance, 1983 Pakistan National Conservation Strategy (NCS), …

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LOVE CANAL TRAGEDY

INTRODUCTION Love Canal is a canal existed in Niagara Falls, New York. Love Canal is named after William T. Love. Love Canal Tragedy is concerned with the heavy amount of toxic waste disposal in canal and related health problems originated from the event. LOVE DREAM Love Canal was originally a dream community. A dream seen by William T. Love. He wanted to …

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THE GREEN REVOLUTION

What is Green Revolution? There were many revolutions occurred throughout the history such as American Revolution and Industrial Revolution. The Green Revolution occurred in in mid and late 20th century and in this period global agricultural yield was increased dramatically.  Why Productivity increased? The productivity in agriculture field was due to new technological advances in agriculture. New chemical fertilizers, herbicides and pesticides were …

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THE DUST BOWL OF AMERICA IN 1930’s

Introduction The dust bowl in America is a catastrophe event occurred in early 1930’s. It caused the Midwestern and western farmlands conversion to wastelands. The major reason behind the dust bowl was series of dry years faced in America with vast agricultural practices in unsuitable areas.  Impacts  Poor tillage practices causes the dust storms and droughts that that devastated the farm lands and ranches in Great Plains. This disaster left nothing behind no humans no nutrients and …

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GLOBAL WATER PROBLEMS

The freshwater available on the planet earth is enough that it can meet the demands of humans. But the distribution of water is not proper. For Example the Citizens of Bahrain, a tiny island in Persian Golf, have no freshwater availability and they desalinize the water for use. The per capita utilization of water vary from continent to continent and …

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PROBLEMS ASSOCIATED WITH WATER RESOURCES

Water resources problems can be classified into 3 categories: Too much water, Too little water and water contamination. The problems like floods and droughts are natural events that are one of the water resource problem. These problems can also originate when the humans do not take right decision such as they build in areas that are in danger of flooding. TOO …

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